Friday, December 7, 2012


Your birth means the knowledge ‘I am’  
Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj

Pradeep Apte

I thank my friend Mr Vijay Deshpande for sending me a copy of ‘Jean Dunn’s Journal’ from which I compiled these excerpts which are in the words of Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj as recorded by her from 1977-1981.

My state is such that my very existence, my beingness supports all the activities of the world. I do not directly participate in any of the activities. My presence means the happening of all the activities. This happening of the ‘I amness’ has spontaneously come. Only the cause is given as Prakriti-Purusha or the parents. It is a mere excuse.
In trying to understand ourselves, we think we are born of parents and we will die. These are all misunderstandings. This beingness has come and will depart. There is no question of death.
This Maya misguided me completely. They showed me my parents and called me a person. This Maya showed me the wrong direction. All this misdirection is due to the parents. Without my beingness nothing exists.
So many people come and go. Actually what happens is that they dive deeply into the ocean of beingness.
My state is the eternal state, prior to any happening, prior to any feelings, so why the hell should I dive into this ocean of beingness? Because, I already exist prior to the consciousness. That no-knowing Absolute state is not a subject matter to understand. Why did that no-knowingness state get involved in this knowingness state?
When it is understood that the body is not one’s self, then one loses individuality and merges into the total manifestation. There is no self and other. When this is understood and the individuality lost, then whatever takes place in the world is realized to be merely the functioning and is only witnessed. There is no involvement.
That which is apparent and present will disappear and that which is absent (not being phenomenally present) will remain for all time. Knowing this I am also aware that only that which is apparent can suffer and the suffering is to such an extent that even weeping won’t help. But only witnessing takes place. All experience, all knowledge that is generally accepted as knowledge, lasts only from the point the consciousness arose to the point where the consciousness disappears. That which I consider knowledge exists prior to the arrival of consciousness and lasts after the disappearance of the consciousness.
Once the consciousness disappears, all that has appeared will disappear. The substratum, that knowledge which was there before the arrival of the consciousness, will remain even after the disappearance of the consciousness.
I am at real peace when that which I am remains unalloyed. If it is alloyed with something and so long as I am conscious of it, there is still that sense of duality. Only when there is complete separation from it and I am in my own true nature, only then there is total peace. So long as consciousness is there and I want the consciousness, still the fact remains that I am one with consciousness and there is a sense of duality. Only when there is unawareness of awareness can there be complete peace and that can be only when the consciousness is not there.
On my original state, when I was unaware of my awareness, this state of consciousness has come and gives me a sense of presence. It is the presence which is overbearing and overpowering me. The every sense of presence keeps me in bondage so I want that sense of presence to go away so that I can be in my original state.
Your birth means the knowledge ‘I am’. This is relating to your body. The very seed of your birth contains the entire universe and cosmos. Go to that borderline which indicates from no-knowing to knowing state. Be there. The truth cannot be experienced. The truth is non-experiential, non-observable. Whatever you see and experience is natural, spontaneous. It is not indicative of personality or individuality.
How long I was unaware of my awareness one doesn’t know, then suddenly this consciousness arises; so that consciousness which is latent in that awareness, for how long one doesn’t know, suddenly comes about, starts stirring. Does anyone think along these lines?  Awareness is not aware of its awareness.
Once you know that you are, then everything is. When you don’t know that you are, nothing is. Whatever is witnessing is whole, total and complete. But when there is witnessing, it is incomplete.
The Absolute can never be experienced; it is not an objective affair. When the light of the Self reflects on something, then witnessing of that something happens. When the Absolute puts the light, let us call it the light, in consciousness, consciousness knows ‘I am’.
The Absolute Ultimate Identity of yours has no knowingness. It does not know itself. It is. Only through the consciousness, the witnessing happens to the Absolute, of the consciousness and because of the Absolute the consciousness knows ‘I am’.
In my original state, I was awake, I was never asleep, and nobody else had told me, I know it for myself. There is no proof for it. This something I know intuitively, as a fact. It is not theoretical theory, it is fact that I know. In my perfect state I am perfect, total, and complete. I don’t know I am. There is nobody else except myself.


Monday, July 9, 2012

A simple method to abide in the ‘I am’

A simple method to abide in the ‘I am’
Pradeep Apte

I humbly offer salutations to my Guru Sri Nisargadatta maharaj who made me correctly understand the meaning of God:
 “Just hold on to the knowledge ‘I am’, your sense of ‘being’ or ‘presence’. This feeling that ‘you are’ is the God in you, let it be you guide or Guru, there is nothing else to be done.”
This statement loudly rung a bell in my mind as I recollected the words Sri Brahmachaitanya Gondavlekar Maharaj:
“The quality of ‘being’ or ‘presence’ is common to all objects living or non-living, with form or without form. Thoughts are formless but their ‘presence’ is very much there. This ‘being’ is ‘Nama’, the name of God which I which I strongly recommend you all to recite.”  
In Maharashtra, Sri Gondavlekar Maharaj (1845-1913) was one of the great exponents of the practice of ‘Namasmarana’ which means remembering God by reciting or chanting his name. I had read his teachings several years back, even before knowing Sri Nisargadatta maharaj.
According to Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj the 'I am', 'being' or ‘presence’ is common to all objects, living or non-living. It is the composition of the object in terms of the five elements and three qualities that determines whether the 'I am', 'being' or 'presence' is known or expressible to it. The 'I am', 'being' or 'presence' is a reflection of the Absolute and holding on to it one can realize the Absolute.
The teachings of both these masters are quite similar which thus lead us to an ancient and simple practice or ‘Sadhana’ of ‘Namasmarana’. If one investigates one shall find that the teachings of not only these two masters but almost all the masters are quite similar and all bring you to the doorstep of God. The reason, at least for me, was quite simple, my intellect or understanding only went up to a certain point and could go no further. There was something definitely missing in all this and that was devotion! Without surrender to the divine you could never possibly expect yourself on your own to go beyond the intellect and realize the Absolute. If you are nurturing any such expectations you are still on an ego trip that you always go on for achieving anything in your day to day living as an individual.
I thought, repeating the Name of God? This is something insane! But then, in all this that you have been doing so far, has sanity paid off? No, so why not insanity for a change? And see the grace of my Guru, I didn’t have to wait long he had all the answers for me. Let us see what he had to say in this matter:
Constant repetition of words (Japa) is a kind of madness but deliberate madness. All repetitiveness is tamas, but repeating the name of God is a satwa-tamas due its higher purpose. Because of the satwa the tamas will wear out and will take the shape of detachment, relinquishment, aloofness, immutability. Tamas becomes the firm foundation on which integrated life can be lived. The purpose of Japa is to conserve oneself, that means the knowingness (the knowledge ‘I am’) is to be returned. Japa in Marathi means to guard, to protect. You should protect your beingness by Japa.”
He further said:
“When you are initiated into a spiritual discipline with a sacred name, it means that it represents you ‘Ultimate True Nature’. Be one with the sacred name completely, then it will give you all the mystical knowledge necessary for your spiritual evolution. It will awaken you into your ‘Eternal Awareness’. This is the mystic key-word of the Navanath Sampradaya, the traditional order of the nine Gurus.
Before the emanation of any words ‘I’ already exists: later I say mentally ‘I am’. The word free and the thought free state is the Atman. The Atman per se is self sufficient but when it clings to the body, ‘treatments’ such as mental and physical recreation or occupation are necessary, without which the Atman cannot be tolerated by a person. For spiritual evolution, which is a requisite in the detachment of Atman from body identity, various disciplines have been recommended; the best is ‘Namasmarana’ – recitation of a holy name of God. But here God means the indwelling principle within you – the Atman, which is given various names. These represent the ‘inner God’ who will respond no matter which name of God you chant. Japa (using beads of rosary) is an occupation to the hands but it is the inner God you are supposed to invoke. The keynote of recitation is to confirm this ‘I-am-ness’ within itself. The merging of beingness within itself is the very fount of bliss.”
Another great exponent of ‘Namasmarana’ from Kerala Swami Ramdas (1884-1963) was bestowed by the grace of the master of masters Sri Ramana Maharshi in 1922, about this experience he said:
 "The Maharshi, turning his beautiful eyes towards Ramdas, and looking intently for a few minutes into his eyes as though he was pouring into Ramdas his blessings through those orbs, nodded his head to say he had blessed. A thrill of inexpressible joy coursed through the frame of Ramdas, his whole body quivering like a leaf in the breeze."
In that ecstatic state he left Maharshi's presence and went to spend nearly a month in a cave on the slopes of Arunachala in constant chanting of Ramnaam. This was the first occasion that he went into solitude and during this period of solitude he never bathed, shaved, or cut his hair. When he ate, he only ate very little. After twenty-one days, when he came out of the cave he saw a strange, all-pervasive light: everything was Ram and only Ram.
Swami Ramdas says about the Name of God:
“God and His Name are not distinct from one another. Name is God Himself. The moment we think of the Name, our mind is filled with the presence of God. There is no easier way of focusing thought upon God than taking constantly His Name. When we repeat the Name aloud, we feel our heart is flooded with the ecstasy of love, because the sound of the Divine Name awakens the heart to the bliss and love of God.
Although the mental repetition of the Name is held to be far more efficacious than the verbal repetition, still the rare experience of sweetness and joy derived by uttering the Name aloud is incomparable. When the entire being of the devotee thrills with rapture to the music of the Name he realizes that the Name is Brahman.
God is both, manifest and unmanifest. The Name stands for such a God. Here the unmanifest is the all‑pervading, infinite, immutable, tranquil and static spirit of God. The manifest is the entire universe of name, form and movement with all its beings, creatures and things. The Name stands for this all‑inclusive and all‑transcendent Godhead, who is both personal and impersonal.
The Divine Name is thus the beginningless source of all creation and the creation itself. God, the absolute, is the nameless Name. The Name can free the soul from bondage. The Name can take it to the highest consummation of spiritual life. The Name can grant a blind soul Divine sight. The Name can bless an individual with a universal vision full of sublimity. The Name can lift the soul to inconceivable heights of God‑realization.
The power of the Name is invincible. A mind which is considered to be unconquerable, by the soothing influence of the Name becomes, docile, yielding and submissive. The mind itself is transformed into God by the power of the Name. He who takes refuge in the Name can work wonders. Death itself will stand in awe of him. He can command all the forces of nature and direct them, to bring about a spiritual awakening in the hearts of men. The Name can make a human being an embodiment of eternal love and joy. The Name can convert an individual into a Cosmic Reality - an ignorant soul into a very God. Where the Name of God is sung, the atmosphere is permeated with purity, peace and bliss; for the symphony of the Name spreads everywhere the splendour of love.
The Name is all‑sufficient. The utterance of it is itself meditation. The ecstasy born of it is itself Samadhi. The Name is love, light, power and joy. The writer can vouch for it from his own experience that the Name by itself without any other Sadhana can grant one the fullest vision of God everywhere and may merge him in an ocean of never‑ending love and joy.
There is no Sadhana, which can be so universally adopted by all people and is at the same time so ­simple for realizing God, as the Divine Name. It is perfectly true, in the words of a saint, that he who has God's Name always on his tongue is a Jivanmukta, or a liberated soul.
So, dear friends, to whatever race, caste, creed or color you may belong, take up the Name of God, and feel the sweet communion with it, and you may depend upon it, your souls through constant bathing in the nectar of the Name will not only be purified but will also be illumined with the omnipresent and omniscient light and love of God. This practice of taking the Name will lead the unyielding spirit of man to complete surrender to the omnipotent power and will of God. In the earlier stages when the Name is repeated with earnestness, faith and concentration, the face and the body of the devotee will shine with a peculiar lustre, his mind will be filled with wisdom and heart with love. This is due to the predominance of Satwa Guna in the devotee. Later when the repetition is continued with the same zeal; he will behold the universe before him as the very expression of God. Becoming one with God, he will have the vision of God everywhere
Thus, verily the Name is God Himself.”
Throwing aside all dry polemics let us just try to constantly recite the name of God. You may choose any name that you can easily love and identify yourself with. This is the simplest method to abide in the ‘I am’.

Monday, July 2, 2012

The Parabrahman Tweets

Parabrahman Tweets

Pradeep Apte

1. With the grace of the Guru Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj, who is the “Sadguru Parabrahman”, Parabrahman tweets…

2. Right now, right here, while reading this, you are Parabrahman. The essence of Vedic science can be experienced directly and immediately.

3. As Parabrahman you are always there, yet unseen. Without the Sadguru’s teaching you can never ‘see’ yourself.

4. As these tweets proceed, always remember throughout that Parabrahman, Sadguru and the Guru Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj are all the same.

5. The direct teaching first, if you are spiritually mature enough to grasp it in one or few more re-readings, instantly you are Parabrahman.

6. The Guru says “You are Parabrahman and nothing else”. Accept it with great conviction and all that appears will seem to be palpably false.

7. I am the Parabrahman only! Adhere to this fundamental principle.

8. Accepting the Guru’s words with total conviction can transform your entire destiny, entire life.
9. The deep sense in you that ‘I am’ must accept that you are Parabrahman, not the mind. For that remain focused on the ‘I am’ without words.

10. By remaining focused or meditating on the ‘I am’ you become a witness to it and then, you stand apart as Parabrahman.

11. Only a non-illusory state can know the illusory state. The no-being state is the Parabrahman.

12. Brahman is manifest; Parabrahman is beyond or prior to that. Parabrahman is prior to consciousness or ‘I am’, it means the unborn state.

13. The eternal means: the Unborn. The truth is like that. The eternal is like that.

14. The one who recognizes all these time-bound stages is beyond time, is prior to time. Stay put there as the Parabrahman.

15. When knowing is transformed into not-knowing, that is liberation, you are Parabrahman.

16. Directly realize Parabrahman and finally know that nothing ever came to be. Thus rest in not-knowing with no need to know or read anymore.

17. Rare is the one bestowed with an extra-ordinary spiritual acumen to grasp the truth and realize Parabrahman at once or in a short while.

18. Such rare embodiments of truth, for the sake of the less fortunate ones, elaborate the teachings on Parabrahman as experienced by them.

19. We proceed with the teachings imparted by Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj through his dialogues using the Dasbodh by Swami Ramdas as a guideline.

20. The Dasbodh verse 51/sub-chapter 3/Chapter 8/ forms the very basis of the entire teaching of Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj.

21. “In the attributeless still expanse of Reality (Parabrahman) the inspiration ‘I Am’ arose. This is itself the primal illusion.”

22. Before elaborating on this, just for the sake of a new reader, or even the old one who wishes to brush up his fundamentals – a recap.

23. Knowledge means Self-knowledge where the Self sees only itself. This is called real or pure knowledge or “Jnana”. The Self is Parabrahman.

24. Primarily this means to know God. Knowledge is to reflect deeply upon the Eternal and the ephemeral and know one’s true “Self” (Swaroopa).

25. Nothing is found in the world as pure as Self-knowledge. As long as Self- knowledge is not clear everything is meaningless and useless.

26. The four stages towards Self-knowledge are, the Bound (Baddha), the Seeker (Mumukshu), the Aspirant (Sadhaka) and the Realized One (Siddha).

27. One can judge for oneself at which stage one is, only the One with Self-knowledge, the Siddha, can truly said to be liberated.

28. Liberation, though a single step, is divided into four stages for understanding only: Salokata, Samipata, Swaroopata, and Sayujya Mukti.

29. Swalokata means to live in the abode of God, Samipata means to live very close to God and Swaroopata means to appear like God.

30. In Sayujya Mukti one merges with God. It is ‘liberation as complete identification with the Self’, with no traces any duality at all.

31. Liberation is a single movement of disappearance (of the false self or ego) and no clear boundaries can be drawn between these stages.

32. Understand well that the first three stages are reversible and one can fall back to old ways but Sujujya Mukti in irreversible and forever.

33. To acquire Self-knowledge or Parabrahman, meditation is the only way which can be done by the two main-stream teachings: Yoga and Vedanta.

34. In Yoga and Vedanta, meditation is a mental process by which the meditator becomes one with the object of meditation.

35. Concentration (dharana) is the preliminary stage which when becomes effortless and continuous takes the form of meditation (dhyana).

36. When the mind continuously flows towards its object, meditation culminates in total absorption (samadhi) in the object of meditation.

37. The sacred texts define concentration as one-pointed focus on any object, internal or external.

38. On focusing the mind uninterruptedly for twelve seconds on a specific object, we are said to achieve one unit of concentration.

39.  Twelve such successive units of concentration make one unit of meditation and twelve such successive units of meditation lead to Samadhi.

40. Concentration, meditation and absorption are the three depths of meditation which culminates in absorption into the object meditated upon.

41. The teachings of Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj and the Dasbodh are essentially of Vedanta, so the Yoga system is only briefly described here.

42. To attain the goal of Self-realization, the Yoga system employs an eightfold system of practice consisting of eight steps or ‘limbs’.

43. The first five are restraint (yama), discipline (niyama), posture (asana), control of breath (pranayam) and withdrawal of mind (pratyahara).

44. The next three are concentration (dharana), meditation (dhyana) and absorption (Samadhi) already described in earlier tweets.

45. Meditation according to Vedanta is an intense form of worship (upasana) which eventually leads to the direct perception of Parabrahman.

46. The Vedantic practices for meditation are divided into two groups: foundational and structural.

47. In Vedanta, success in structural practices is proportional to the success in foundational practices.

48. The four foundational disciplines are: discrimination, dispassion, mastery over six virtues and intense longing for liberation.

49. Discrimination is between the real and the unreal and dispassion means giving up all desires, whether for this world or the next.

50. Of the six virtues to be mastered the first three are: control of mind, control of senses and withdrawal of mind from sense objects.

51. The next three to be mastered are: fortitude, faith in the words of the Guru and scriptures and concentration of the mind on Brahman.

52. The essence of the six virtues is self-control, without which the quest for Self-knowledge is an empty dream.

53. Intense longing for liberation is most crucial as its intensity determines the achievement of the goal which is, Parabrahman.

54. The three steps in meditation in Vedanta are: hearing (shravana), reflecting (manana) and meditation (nididhyasana).

55. Hearing is listening to the teachings of the Guru, reflecting is thinking constantly on the teachings heard from the Guru.

56. Meditation is constantly doing the practice (sadhana) as prescribed by the Guru to the exclusion of all other ideas or thoughts.

57. Meditation practiced earnestly without interruption for a long time, with intense love for the chosen ideal, culminates in samadhi.

58. When Samadhi is with effort due to mental disturbances it is savikalpa, when these disturbances are absent it is nirvikalpa.

59. The immersion of the mind in the Self without its complete destruction (manolaya) is kevala nirvikalpa Samadhi.

60. With the mind destroyed (manonasa) and remaining permanently in the primal pure state without effort is sahaja nirvikapla samadhi.

61. There are nine types of devotion (bhakti, worship): Shravan, Kirtan, Namasmaran, Padsevan, Archana, Vandana, Dasya, Sakhya and Atmanivedan.

62. No one type is superior to the others, all lead to Parabrahman and proceed through the four stages of liberation described earlier.

63. The first type of devotion, Shravan, means listening but in present times can be taken to mean reading or any study leading to Parabrahman.

64. Through Shravan one learns about the five elements and the three qualities which make up the eightfold creation (ashtadha prakriti).

65 The five elements are: Earth, Water, Fire, Wind and Space, each with its group of five attributes that make up the gross world.

66. The three qualities are: Sattva (purity, virtue), Rajas (worldly activity) and Tamas (ignorance, evil), each having a pure and impure form.

67. Through Shravan one learns about the four great statements, the four bodies and four states of consciousness, their origin and negation.

68. The Four Great statements are: Tat Tvam Asi, Pradyanam Brahma, Ayam Atma Brahman and Aham Brahmasmi.

69. The Four Great statements mean: You are That, Wisdom or True knowledge is Brahma, The Self is Brahman and I am Brahman.

70. The Four bodies are: Gross, Subtle, Causal and Supra-causal, which correspond to the four states of Waking, Dream, Deep sleep and Turiya.

71. Turiya means “the fourth”, a sense of pure ‘Being’ or ‘I Am’, on which the other three states appear to come and go.

72. When Shravan is intense one likes to hear or read only about Parabrahman, and then one gets focused on a single statement or word.

73. On meditating uninterruptedly on a single statement or word, it disappears along with the meditator and the wordless Parabrahman remains.

74. The second type of devotion is Kirtan, which means narrating stories of God and Bhajan, which is singing songs of God’s praise and glory.

75. These narrations or songs begin with descriptions of God with attributes (saguna) and end up on the God without attributes (nirguna).

76. The one doing Kirtan or Bhajan builds up a crescendo losing himself completely at the peak and merging into the formless Parabrahman.

77. The third type of devotion is remembering or reciting the name of God (namasmarana), any God that one easily loves can be chosen.

78. One should have the discipline to continuously recite or remember the name God in the morning, afternoon, evening and before going to bed.

79. One should not be without the name of God at anytime, whether in a state of happiness, sorrow, distress, worry or joy.

80. As the reciting or remembering of Gods name grows intense it follows a reverse path through the four types of speech (vani).

81. Speech or vani is one, but only for the sake of understanding has been split into four: vaikhari, madhyama, pashayanti and para.

82. Para means no word, pashayanti means formative or intangible word, madhyama means tangible word or thought and vaikahri means spoken word.

83. When we speak all four vanis are involved and operate as a single unit, in reverse order it’s a movement from the gross to the subtle.

84. In fact Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj has used the ‘vani’ or speech in reverse order (from ‘vaikhari to ‘para’) for going beyond.

85. The fourth type of devotion is Padsevan, which means, serving the feet of the Guru, without whose blessing nothing is possible.

86. Understand that the serving of the Guru is to serve the Sadguru (True master), with body, speech and mind to realize the Self.

87. The Sadguru points to what is true and provokes the thought of discrimination between the True (real) and false (unreal).

88. The Sadguru through his teachings inspires the inner determination with which one realizes Parabrahman, the Absolute Reality.

89. The fifth type of devotion is Archana, which means ritual worship of God as prescribed by the ancient scriptures.

90. The outward worship is usually done of an idol or image of God with different offerings, chantings and prayers.

91. The inward worship (manas puja) is done by closing the eyes and imagining the whole ritual worship in the mind.

92. Archana when done intensely becomes a meditation and leads to loss of individuality, then one merges with God and attains Parabrahman.

93. The sixth type of devotion is Vandana (Bowing) which means bowing in full prostration to God and Guru with deep devotion.

94. By bowing one becomes humble, doubts are removed and bonds of friendship develop with many good people.

95. There is nothing like bowing as it is easy and doesn’t cost anything. When bowing is done, it should be done with complete surrender.

96. On being intense, the devotion of bowing leads to complete loss of ego and one disappears in Parabrahman and is free forever.

97. It is believed that the One who masters devotion of bowing, develops astonishing powers like even if he bows to a corpse it will come alive!

98. The seventh type of devotion is called Dasya bhakti which is to offer oneself completely at the service of God like a servant or slave.

99. In this type of devotion one does all his work, vocational or other duties, as a service to God and looks for God everywhere in his work.

100. Obviously when this type of devotion is done earnestly one is bound to lose all individuality and dissolve into the Reality or Parabrahman.

101. The eighth type of devotion is called Sakhya bhakti which is to develop a deep friendship with God.

102 One takes delight in this supreme friendship with God and loves him only and thus comes very close to him.

103. God means Atman or one’s own Self, in this devotion one stays with or befriends one’s own Self and never gives it up for even a moment.

104. In the intense practice of devotion of such a type that involves a deep friendship with the Self, attainment of Parabrahman is inevitable.

105. The ninth type of devotion is Atmanivedan which means self-surrender to God, for which one has to know what God is.

106. The scriptures tell us that to know God one has to look within oneself and thus in the quest of God a process of self-enquiry is undertaken.

107. One should find out ‘Who am I?’ Upon investigating what one takes oneself to be, it clearly reveals that there is no individual called ‘I’.

108. When misidentifications are cast off one by one, how can this ‘I’ remain? This is the way self-surrender happens easily.

109. When through discrimination (viveka), everything that is taken to be oneself is discarded, the ‘I’ is clearly seen to be non-existent.

110. When even creation is cast off and only the Self remains, how can any ‘I’ be found there?

111. The one true identity is Parabrahman, the second is creation that appears on it so where can the third identity ‘I’ come in between?

112. The ‘I’ proved false and misidentification with the body dispelled, on further investigation, it is seen that nothing really exists.

113. Thus it is revealed that because one takes the ‘I’ to be real, everything else such as the body, world and universe appear to be real.

114. By being the witness, misidentifications disappear, and with the experience of the Self (Atman), even the witness itself does not remain.

115. Only the Self remains in the beginning and the end, so how can there be an independently existing ‘I’?

116. The Self is One, the fullness of ‘Self-bliss’. With the understanding that ‘I am the Self’, where is there any separate ‘I’ remaining?

117. When one investigates ‘Who am I?’(koham?), ‘I am That’ (soham) is the answer and only the Self is seen, so how can any separate ‘I’ exist?

118. The Self has neither qualities nor absence of qualities, is neither dual nor non-dual, being devoid of attributes, how can ‘I’ exist there?

119. When the intellect becomes firm in the oneness of one’s ‘True form’ (swaroop), how can there be any separate ‘I’?

120. Such is the ninth type of devotion called self-surrender (Atmanivedan) which is the satisfaction of the knowledgeable (jnanis).

121. Without self-surrender (Atmanivedan), the cycles of birth and death cannot be escaped. This is a proven truth without any doubt.

122. If the nine types of devotion are practiced, one can gain the greatest ‘Liberation of identification with the Self’ (Sayujya Mukti).

123. Understand that ‘Liberation of identification with the Self’ (Sayujya Mukti) is unchangeable, irreversible and indestructible.

124. The Self is one but what appears is a diverse universe, thus in order to understand the Self, it has been divided into four categories.

125. The first is the individual Self (Jivatma), the second is the God Self (Shivatma); the third is the Self beyond the universe (Paramatma).

126. The fourth Self is the one unrelated to anything (Nirmalatma); all four appear to be different, inferior or superior but are one Self only.

127. A simile has been commonly used to understand the nature of the Self using space under different levels of confinement.

128. There is space in the pot (ghatakash), space in the monastery (mathakash) or room and space outside the monastery or room (mahakash).

129. Then there is space which is pure and totally unrelated to anything (chidakash). All these four types of space comprise of one space only.

130. The space occupying the pot (ghatakash) is like the individual Self (Jivatma) that occupies the body.

131. The space in the monastery (mathakash) or room is like the Self that occupies the universe as God (Shivatma).

132. The space outside the monastery or room (mahakash) is like the Self that is beyond the appearance of the universe (Paramatma).

133. Then there is the pure space that is unalloyed with anything (chidakash) it is like the Self without attributes (Nirmalatma) or Parabrahman.

134. This chidakash must not be confused by the same word being used in Yoga for the space behind the center of the eyebrows (ajna chakra).

135. Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj calls chidakash subtler than physical space, expansive but still confined by the knowingness ‘I Am’.

136. Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj says that the highest is paramakash where there is no ‘is’ or ‘is not’, it transcends everything.

137. The Self is the Supreme God, the doer of everything, because of him the vast expanse of this universe has appeared.

138. The Self bears endless names and creates innumerable energies. The wise understand that he is the Primal Being (Purusha).

139. The recognition of this Primal Beingness is itself the ‘Primal Illusion’ (Moolmaya; Prakriti). All action and everything come from there.

140. The Primal Illusion itself is Primal Being. That itself is the ‘Lord of the Universe’ (Jagadish) and is given endless number of names.

141. How has the Primal illusion come from That which is formless? How does this false mesmerism come into play?

142. In the still empty space, the wind began to stir. In a similar way, the awareness of the Primal Illusion arose.

143. The stirring of the wind doesn’t break the space; similarly the Primal Illusion arises without affecting That which is without attributes.

144. The wind did not originally exist and is formless, similarly the Primal Illusion is perceived but its form is not seen.

145. Reality is without parts, but Illusion makes it seem to have many parts. The Illusion is never there at all, yet it appears to be real.

146. The inspiration ‘I Am’ (Aham) arose in the attributeless still expanse of Reality or Parabrahman, this inspiration is itself illusion.

147. The Primal Illusion (Moolmaya) gave birth to the disturbance of the three attributes, so it is also called the ‘disturber’ (Gunakshobini).

148. From the disturbance arose the three attributes (Gunas), Sattva, Rajas and Tamas, and then the five elements were formed from Tamas.

149. The five elements combined together with the three attributes (Gunas) is called the ‘eightfold manifestation’ (ashtadha prakriti).

150. Thus the Primal Illusion (Moolmaya) gives birth to the ‘Illusion with attributes’ (Gunmaya) in which all activity appears.

151. It is imagination that removes Illusion and it is imagination that remembers Brahman. Duality and non-duality appear in imagination.

152. Imagination is the mother of duality and in principle, knowledge too. Both bondage and liberation are imagined only in imagination.

153. Imagination running strong imagines an otherwise non-existent universe and instantly it can imagine the pure nature of Self.

154. Imagination being the root cause of everything, if eliminated at its root (the feeling ‘I Am’) leads one straight to Parabrahman.

155. The conviction of Parabrahman conquers imagination. With definite conviction doubt is banished and abandoned forever.

156. Eliminate imagination with imagination. Certain imagination is considered as correct and certain as incorrect.

157. Imagination of non-duality is correct and that which imagines duality is incorrect. Use the former to destroy the latter.

158. Correct imagination imagines itself as the attributeless Parabrahman. By continuous contemplation on one’s Self nature duality dissolves.

159. Although Parabrahman is indescribable, yet for the one who wishes to know, the Guru describes Parabrahman in different ways.

160. Parabrahman, the Absolute Reality is without form, is not supported by anything, and is without any concepts or imagination.

161. Parabrahman is untroubled by any ailment, is beyond perception, and has no limbs or parts.

162. Parabrahman is beyond the five elements, is without any stain or blemish, and is free of any covering or coloring.

163. Parabrahman has nothing similar to it, is not dependant on anything else, and does not have any hope or desire for anything.

164. Parabrahman is never touched by darkness or ignorance, there is never a break in its pervasiveness and it is completely without attributes.

165. Parabrahman has nothing attached to it, is unmixed with anything else, and is always changeless and unmoving.

166. Parabrahman has no name, is unborn, it is not perceivable by senses, or cognizable by the mind or intellect.

167. Parabrahman cannot be measured, it has no duties to perform, it is indestructible and permanent.

168. Parabrahman has no end or limit, is unshakable, it never deviates from its own nature and it cannot be imagined.

169. Parabrahman, the Absolute Reality is beyond all the visible. Upon ‘seeing’ it one becomes That oneself.

170. Parabrahman can be understood through direct experience with the help of a Sadguru whose words are now going to follow.

171. Every statement of the Sadguru is the deepest of deep statements. With that statement there is definite contentment.

172. Every statement of the Sadguru is Vedanta; every statement is the final doctrine, the Truth and should be your experience now.

173. This is the secret of my life which I am going to tell you now. Give your complete attention to every statement from this very moment.

174. ‘Sadguru Parabrahman!’ is the unheard that resonates loudly in every statement of my Guru, who is the Sadguru, Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj.

175. The essence and sum total of this whole talk is called ‘Sadguru Parabrahman’, that state in which there are no requirements.

176. I am the principle which survives all the creations and all the dissolutions, Sadguru Parabrahman.

177. Before the knowledge ‘I Am’ appeared on you, that is Parabrahman. If you revert properly the consciousness ‘I Am’ will disappear.

178. The Parabrahman does no know that it is – you are that underlying principle of consciousness – be That.

179. The one who knows these appearances is the Sadguru Parabrahman. ‘I amness’ is a part of the play. You are prior to the ‘I amness’.

180. The non-attention Parabrahman has no attention ‘I Am’. Before the beingness was there, look at That, be That – Sadguru Parabrahman.

181. Sadguru Parabrahman is your True nature, in it appears or comes the ‘I Am’, they are not two.

182. Donating the self you get Brahman, donating Brahman you get Parabrahman. The teaching that destroys the individual is exactly what you seek.

183. With reference to your true Parabrahman state, the illusion (maya) does not exist. You know what you are not – what you are you cannot know.

184. Sadguru Parabrahman is your eternal state; you cannot remember it because you have never forgotten it.

185. Sadguru Parabrahman means the eternal state, which will never change and what you already are.

186. The One directed by the Sadguru Parabrahman has no more birth, his Sadhana (spiritual practice) is over.

187. When beingness forgets itself that state is Parabrahman. I, who am there before consciousness, am not concerned with all that happens in it.

188. That which eternally current is Parabrahman. Once you discard this ‘I amness’ uniform, what remains is the Parabrahman.

189. I was possessed by the five elemental ghost, but having stabilized in the Parabrahman, I know what it is and I am out of it.

190. You are, even before knowingness, you are. Sadguru Parabrahman is all love for no-knowingess.

191. The one who has firm conviction that except for ‘I amness’ there is no others self, he stabilizes in Parabrahman.

192. Abiding in itself this knowingness (‘I Am’) is able to quit this state and abide in the no-knowingess state, the Parabrahman.

193. Before you occurred to yourself as ‘I Am’, you were in highest state – the guru of gurus – Parabrahman.

194. As Parabrahman you are not the knowledge ‘I Am’. Only he who has lost his individuality has merged into Parabrahman.

195. Right now I am interested only in state eight days prior to conception, the Parabrahman state.

196. Understand the beingness (‘I Am’) and its play, transcend it and abide in the state prior to conception, the Parabrahman state.

197. Prior to the appearance of this beingness (‘I Am’), you were purely Parabrahman, the Absolute.

198. Witnessing happens to the Absolute, which is the unborn eternal principle, called the Parabrahman.

199. With the transcendence of the knowledge ‘I Am’, the Absolute called the Parabrahman prevails, while the knowledge ‘I Am’ is termed Brahman.

200. When Brahman is transcended only the Parabrahman remains, without a trace of the knowledge ‘I Am’.

201. Would there be any necessity of beingness in the Parabrahman? The knowledge ‘I Am’ or beingness is an illusion.

202. The beingness or ‘I Am’ is a superimposition, a cloak of illusion over the Absolute or Parabrahman.

203. How was I in the absence of the message ‘I Am’ – that is prior to beingness? Find out.

204. Prior to experiencing the ‘I Am’ and the world I abided in myself, in my eternal Parabrahman state.

205. Without beingness – that is without the knowledge ‘I Am’ – Only my eternal Parabrahman state prevails.

206. When I do not have the knowingness of the ‘I Am’ illusion, the Parabrahman state prevails.

207. How was I before this sense of being (‘I Am’) appeared with the title of birth? You ever prevail without form, name or other illusory datum.

208. In spite of all your worldly activities, you are unborn – Parabrahman – you stand apart from all.

209. Go back one day prior to your conception which is the Parabrahman state with no needs for anything.

210. Catch hold of the knowledge ‘I Am’ in meditation and in the process the realization occurs that ‘I’ the Absolute am not the ‘I Am’.

211. Can you give me a sample of your True state? This sampleless condition is called the Parabrahman – a non-experiential state.

212. In the Parabrahman state ‘I Am’ or ‘I Am not’ are both totally forgotten, this is the highest type of rest – Param Vishranti.

213. This temporary state of consciousness appears on the original Parabrahman state which is unconditioned, without attributes and identity.

214. Being Brahman you loose identification with the body and in that state you will see that you are not even Brahma but the Parabrahman.

215. The one who understands while living that he is nirguna – qualityless, attributeless – only he knows Parabrahman.

216. Turiya, the birth principle, means where the consciousness is and the one who transcends that, who knows turiya is, Turiyatita.

217. Whatever information I have prior to birth, that is the only correct information. That knowledge is Parabrahman.

218. Effortlessly you are that, the Parabrahman, only you must stand for that with conviction.

219. The conviction that this world never existed can happen only to Parabrahman. If this is indeed your conviction, then you are Parabrahman.

220. You are the Reality beyond the ‘I Am’, you are Parabrahman, meditate on this and remember this, finally this idea too shall leave you.

221. Understand the ‘I Am’, abide in it and transcend it to realize that you are Parabrahman.


Wednesday, June 6, 2012

I have begun the "Parabrahman" tweets on based on the teachings of Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj and the Dasbodh. Hopefully those following would merge into the Parabrahman:!/Parabrahman1

Sunday, January 22, 2012

The Video for 'The Essential Teaching of Sri Nisargadatta maharaj'

A video of this text can be viewed at:

The Essential Teaching of Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj

The Essential teaching of
Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj


Pradeep Apte


On many occasions I have been asked to describe the teaching of my Guru
Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj in its most essential form, this book is an
outcome of that effort.


Dedicated to my Guru
Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj
The Great Master



Understanding the ‘I am’, your sense of ‘being’ or just ‘presence’ is extremely important as on it rests the entire outcome of the teaching.
You have ‘to be’ before anything else can be, your sense of ‘presence’ or the feeling ‘I am’ is really fundamental to anything that has to follow.
This sense of ‘being’ or the feeling ‘I am’, was it not the very first event or happening before any of your living experiences could begin?
Apply your mind, go back in time and try to recollect the moment when for the first time it dawned on you that ‘you are’ or ‘I am’. This nascent ‘I am’
is without words or non-verbal.
This ‘I am’ is still there with you, ever present, ever available, it was and still is the first thought, refuse all other thoughts and come back there and stay there.
Establish yourself firmly in the ‘I am’ and reject all that does not go with it.
When the ‘I am’ goes all that remains is the Absolute, give all your attention to the ‘I am’.
Only the ‘I am’ is certain, it’s impersonal, all knowledge stems from it, it’s the root, hold on to it and let all else go.
The ‘I am’ is the sum total of all that you perceive, it’s time-bound, the
‘I am’ itself is an illusion, you are not the ‘I am’ you are prior to it.
The feeling ‘I am’ or ‘being’ has occurred due to its association with the body-mind. In reality you are none of these. You are the Unborn.
Hold on to the ‘I am’ or ‘being’ only, as it would one day take you to the ‘non-being’ or Unborn.
Immortality is freedom from the feeling ‘I am’, to have that freedom remain in the sense ‘I am’.
The beginning and the end of knowledge is the ‘I am’, be attentive to the ‘I am’, once you understand it, you are apart from it.
You must meditate on the ‘I am’ without holding on to the body-mind,
the ‘I am’ is the first ignorance, persist on it and you will go beyond it.
Your Guru, your God is the ‘I am’, with its coming came duality and all activity, stay on the ‘I am’, you are before the ‘I am’ appeared.
Remain focused on the ‘I am’ till it goes into oblivion, then the eternal is, the Absolute is, Parabrahman is.
‘Parabrahman’ (the Absolute) is your eternal state, you cannot remember it because you have never forgotten it.
Remember the knowledge ‘I am’ only and give up the rest, staying in the ‘I am’ you will realize that it is unreal.
Understand that the knowledge ‘I am’ has dawned on you and all are its manifestations, in this understanding you realize you are not the ‘I am’.
The Supreme is like a hole in the paper, in it yet not made up of it. In the very centre of consciousness, yet beyond it.
The Supreme state is of utter stillness and silence, whoever goes there disappears.
When this concept ‘I am’ departs there will be no memory left that ‘I was’ and ‘I had’ those experiences, the very memory will be erased.
With the arrival of the primary concept ‘I am’, time began, with its departure time will end; you the Absolute are not the primary concept
‘I am’.
Appearance and disappearance, birth and death these are qualities of ‘I am’, they do not belong to you, the Absolute.

Out of the nothingness, the ‘I am’ or beingness has come, there is no individual, the knowledge ‘I am’- not the individual - has to go back to its source.

By meditating on the knowledge ‘I am’ it gradually settles down at its source and disappears, then you are the Absolute.

Go on to know the ‘I am’ without words, you must be that and not deviate from it for even a moment, and then it will disappear.
Get stabilized in the primary concept ‘I am’ in order to lose it and be free from all concepts. In understanding the unreality of ‘I am’ you are totally free from it.

Sitting quietly, being one with the knowledge ‘I am’, you will lose all concern with the world, then the ‘I am’ will also go, leaving you as the Absolute.
Putting aside everything, stabilize in the ‘I am’. As you continue with this practice, in the process you will transcend the
‘I am’.
The very core of this consciousness is the quality ‘I am’, there is no personality or individual there, reside there and transcend it.

Keep focused on the ‘I am’ till you become a witness to it, then you stand apart, you have reached the highest.

When you remain in the ‘I am’ you will realize everything else is useless, and then you are Parabrahman, the Absolute.

The One who abides in that principle by which he knows ‘I am’ knows all and does not require anything.

Just sit and know that you are the ‘I am’ without words, nothing else has to be done; shortly you will arrive to your natural Absolute state.
You have to realize that you are not the body or the knowledge ‘I am’. You as the Absolute are neither, nor do you require them.
The Absolute or the Parabrahman is prior to the ‘I am’, it’s the unborn state, so how can it have or even require the knowledge ‘I am’?
You have to transcend the ‘I am’ to enter the concept-free Parabrahman state, where you do not even know you are!
One who has realized the knowledge ‘I am’, which means transcending it as well, for him there is no birth or death nor any karma.
Witnessing happens to the state prior to your saying the words ‘I am’. Right now, right here, you are the Absolute, the Parabrahman. Hold on to the ‘I am’ very firmly, ever abide in it and it will dissolve, then you are as you are.
You are neither the ‘I am’ nor its activities, you as the Absolute are none of these. Be a true devotee by abiding in the knowledge ‘I am’, thereby transcending the experience of death to attain immortality.
What is it in you that understands this knowledge ‘I am’ without a name, title or word? Sink in that innermost center and witness the knowledge ‘I am’.
Totally accept the knowledge ‘I am’ as oneself, and with full conviction and faith firmly believe in the dictum ‘I am that by which I know
I am’.
Catch hold of the knowledge ‘I am’ in meditation and the realization will occur that ‘I’, the Absolute, am not the quality ‘I am’.
Do nothing but stay in the knowledge ‘I am’, the ‘moolmaya’ or primary illusion, and then it will release its stranglehold on you and get lost.
In deep meditation, infused only with the knowledge ‘I am’, it will be intuitively revealed to you as to how this
‘I amness’ came to be.
To do away with body-mind sense or identity, imbibe or dwell in the
‘I am’. Later the ‘I am’ will merge into the ultimate nature.
Having acquired and understood the knowledge ‘I am’ stay there in seclusion and don’t wander around here and there. Once you stabilize in the ‘I am’, you will realize that it is not the eternal state, but ‘you’ are eternal and ancient.
The teaching is simple, when the ‘I am’ arises, everything appears, when ‘I am’ subsides everything disappears. Onto your Absoluteness, which is without form or shape, came this knowledge ‘I am’, which is also without form or shape.
This knowledge ‘I am’ has spontaneously ‘appeared’ on your Absolute state, therefore it is an illusion. The feeling ‘I am’ is itself an illusion, therefore whatever is seen through this illusion cannot be real.
When you meditate on the knowledge ‘I am’, which is the beginning of knowledge, how can there be any questions? It is not with the body identification that you should sit for meditation. It is the knowledge ‘I am’ that is meditating on itself.
You should identify yourself only with this indwelling knowledge ‘I am’. That is all. Sit in meditation by identifying with the ‘I am’, dwell only on the ‘I am’- not merely the words ‘I am’.
Forget all about physical disciplines in this connection and just be with the knowledge ‘I am’. When you are established in the ‘I am’ there are no thoughts or words.
It is the ‘I am’ that investigates the ‘I am’ and on realizing its falsehood it disappears and merges into eternity.
Along with the knowledge ‘I am’ appears space and the world. When the knowledge ‘I am’ departs the world is liquidated.
My Guru taught me what ‘I am’, I pondered only on that. My original state is to be in that state where there is no ‘I am’.
Catch hold of the ‘I am’ and all obstacles will evaporate, you will be beyond the realm of body-mind.
The ‘I am’ in body form can reach the highest state only if you understand, accept it and dwell there. Then you escape birth and death.
The body identity cannot get this knowledge, the knowledge ‘I am’ must get this knowledge; when knowledge abides in knowledge there is transcendence of knowledge.

The ‘I am’ has great potency, the entire manifestation has come from it. When you dwell in the ‘I am’ as your destiny you realize that your destiny is not death but the disappearance of ‘I am’.
Go to the ‘I am’ state, remain there, merge and go beyond. If you were to dwell in the ‘I am’ and firmly abide in it, all external things will lose their grip on you.

You are the Reality beyond the ‘I am’,
YOU ARE PARABRAHMAN. Meditate on this and remember this, finally this idea too shall leave you. Understand the ‘I am’, transcend it and realize the Absolute.